Chaire Internationale 2017 : nous accueillons le Professeur Loraine K.Obler - CUNY Graduate Center New York (USA)

  Professor Loraine K.Obler Ph.D. Distinguished Professor, CUNY Graduate Center New York (USA), Programs in Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences and  Linguistics, is the next invited professor of the Labex EFL.

  You will find hereafter the detail of her lectures starting in May 2017 :

 

 

Language in Healthy Aging and the Dementias

Overview: In the four lectures of this workshop I would focus on lexical retrieval and sentence comprehension as they decline in advancing age in healthy individuals and as they contribute to the communication problems seen in the dementias. Theories and methods of study -from behavioral to brain imaging- that have been employed will be considered, with discussion of their advantages and disadvantages in understanding the cognitive and neurological underpinnings of language.

Venue : Université Paris Diderot - Bâtiment Olympe de Gouges - 8, rue Albert Einstein/Place Paul Ricoeur - 75013 Paris - Salle 136

Lecture 1 - Methodological issues  - Thursday 04/05, 2-4 pm

Defining ‘aging’, ‘dementia’

Language history (bilingualism/multilingualism)

Education effects (years, quality)

Cognition and language (inhibition, attention, monitoring, working memory)

Bilingualism

Lecture 2: Lexical retrieval decline in healthy aging -  Thursday 11/05, 4-6 pm

Behavioral studies showing accelerating decline in accuracy and tip-of-tongue phenomena, with increase in response time, Task differences: Confrontation naming, lexical retrieval in discourse, relation to health and right-hemisphere contributions. Theories of decline in lexical retrieval associated with advancing age. (Transmission Deficit Hypothesis, Inhibition Deficit Hypothesis). Bilingualism effects.

Lecture 3: Comprehension decline in Healthy aging independent of pure-tone hearing decline - 
Thursday 18/05, 4-6 pm

Lexical level comprehension, sentence-processing in noise, syntactic complexity effects, interaction with executive functions. Brain and health contributions. Bilingualism effects.

Lecture 4: Language in Alzheimer's dementia and the Primary Progressive Aphasias (PPA's) - 
Tuesday 23/05, 2-4 pm

Stages of language change in Alzheimer’s dementia. And the PPAs. Overlap with classic aphasia types (e.g., Wernicke’s and AD; agrammatism and non-fluent PPA, anomia and logopenic PPA). Brain-based explanations differentiating language changes in healthy aging and the dementias. Bilingualism effects.